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Sampling of marine invertebrate larvae
through a hole in the sea ice at Cape Hallett

Mary Sewell
Antarctica New Zealand
Pictorial Collection:K018:03/04

A number of scientists and National Antarctic programme managers from New Zealand, Italy and the U.S. representing a broad range of disciplines were instrumental in bringing the LGP initiative to fruition from the first discussions in January 1999.

The projects and organistions involved in the LGP framework were:

Antarctica New Zealand: New Zealandís national Antarctic programme supports between 35 to 40 science events a year. Several of these events conducted work that was under the framework of the LGP.

McMurdo Dry Valleys LTER (Long Term Ecological Research): This project is an interdisciplinary study of the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in a cold desert region of Antarctica. The overall objectives of the McMurdo LTER are to understand the influence of physical and biological constraints on the structure and function of dry valley ecosystems and to understand the modifying effects of material transport on these ecosystems. Baseline ecologically-relevant data is being obtained from the atmosphere, glaciers, streams, soils, and lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys.

Italian Antarctic Research Programme (PNRA): Italyís national Antarctic research programme supported a variety of marine and terrestrial science projects that fell under the framework of the LGP.

ITASE (International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition): This is an international ice coring programme aimed at determining the spatial and environmental variability of Antarctic climate (e.g. major atmospheric phenomena, snow accumulation variations, and extreme events such as volcanic eruptions and storms) over the last 200 years, and where the data are available, for the last 1000 years. By combining the contemporary meteorological data available from the Antarctic and Southern Ocean with annually-dated, highly-resolved, ice core proxies for a variety of climate parameters (e.g. moisture balance, atmospheric circulation and temperature) ITASE is extending the Antarctic climate record.

Ministry of Fisheries (MFish): New Zealand's Ministry of Fisheries funded the BioRoss Programme aimed at increasing our understanding of the biodiversity of the Ross Sea.

Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic: The Response of Life to Change (EBA): This is an international, multidisciplinary SCAR programme for 2006-2013. EBA will explores (1) the evolutionary history of Antarctic biota, (2) how biological diversity in the Antarctic influences ecosystem function, and (3) how the biota will respond to environmental change. The LGP specifically contributes to several of EBA's aims within EBA's work packages 4 and 5.

See Areas of Research for more detail on the above programmes.